The Colors of Spring - the "Other" Foliage Season

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Spring Foliage, Autumn’s Underappreciated Rival

Autumn is the favorite season of many landscape photographers, who delight in its blazing hues of red, orange, and yellow. We seek out subjects and compositions that allow the bold color of autumn to take its place as the star of the show rightfully. However, spring is an often underappreciated season that puts on its own beautiful display of foliage. Spring’s colors may be more subtle than those of autumn, but that should not diminish their appeal to nature photographers. The colors of spring foliage are more delicate with softer, pastel tones. This quieter display of color can be quite lovely if you want to create a calm and gentle feeling in your images.

In autumn some photographers are obsessed with finding “peak” color, which can lead to missing out on other exciting opportunities. The more understated nature of Spring foliage lends itself to a slower, more contemplative approach to photography. In autumn you can often rely on strong color alone to carry an image, but in Spring you have to work harder to find ways to emphasize the subtle colors. Finding these colors is a more significant challenge, requiring us to be more creative than simply relying on bold color. But this extra effort can also make spring images more satisfying to create. The good news is that your favorite autumn shooting locations usually work equally as well in spring. Revisiting the same places in different seasons is a great way to add some variety to your portfolio of images.

The Colors of Spring – a Symbol of Emergence and Growth

Spring is a time of emergence and growth. The landscape goes from winter’s drab grays and browns to many shades of red, yellow, and green. The warm colors of spring foliage have a direct relationship to their autumn cousins. Pigments from Anthocyanins, the same substance responsible for the brilliant hues of autumn, also create the colors in spring buds and leaves before they produce chlorophyll. Emphasizing the delicate hues of spring requires special attention to color theory in your images. Avoid over-saturating your images, since saturated colors make a loud statement. If you want to showcase the quieter, softer colors of spring, then you need to take a more subtle approach and use a lower level of saturation. This creates a more natural look and allows the delicate spring tones to stand out better.

Look for harmonious color schemes in nature. Complementary colors work well, such as yellow leaves against a blue sky. Also look for analogous colors that are similar to each other, such spring’s many tones of yellow and green. In processing yellows and greens, there is a delicate balance between using similar colors and retaining color contrast. Color contrast is often achieved by playing warmer highlights off against cooler shadows. Avoid having too warm a global white balance in your forest scenes, and keep your shadow areas cool, or you will lose this cool/warm contrast. Also, try to achieve some color separation between yellow and green by using selective color adjustments. If your greens are too yellow, use the HSL sliders in Lightroom, or the Selective Color tool in Photoshop to shift the hue of yellows slightly to green.

The Ephemeral Beauty of Spring

The emergence of spring color can happen quite suddenly, and it does not last long. Photographers have to work quickly to capture the ephemeral beauty of the spring season. While this color may be short-lived, you will come away with a great variety of images that tell stories about the rapid progression of the season. The spirit of trying to capture fleeting moments in nature during spring is embodied by the poem titled “Nothing Gold Can Stay” by the American poet, Robert Frost.

Nature’s first green is gold,
Her hardest hue to hold.
Her early leaf’s a flower;
But only so an hour.
Then leaf subsides to leaf.
So Eden sank to grief,
So dawn goes down to day.
Nothing gold can stay.

Robert Frost

April Showers – There is No Such Thing as Bad Weather

Spring is notorious for cloudy and rainy days, but this type of weather can work to your advantage. When foliage is wet, its colors become richer and more saturated, which is a perfect way to showcase the subtle colors of spring. Just remember to use a polarizing filter to remove glare from wet vegetation. So when those April showers do appear, outfit yourself and your camera with the appropriate rain gear, and get out there to take advantage of what can be some of the most rewarding conditions for springtime photography.

The low contrast light of overcast days is perfect for photographing woodland and forest scenes. Overcast light is very soft and even, with no harsh shadows. This type of light allows us to emphasize the delicate colors, details, and textures in a scene. And because dull, gray skies are not very interesting, try shooting intimate scenes that exclude the sky from the composition. Similarly, you want to avoid having large patches of white sky showing through tree branches. They can create distracting hot spots in your image, which may be hard to clone away later in post-processing.

Fog – the Photographer’s Best Friend

Foggy weather is common in spring, and shooting in these conditions can give your images a lighter and more delicate feeling. Fog can also create a mysterious atmosphere, which usually works well with forest scenes. A common challenge with photographing forests is finding ways to deal with their chaos and complexity. That’s where the diffuse look of fog can be the “great simplifier” by removing unwanted distractions. When shooting in foggy forests, you can create a sense of depth by having some trees relatively close to your camera. This allows you to retain contrast, sharpness, and color in the foreground, which can then be played off against the softer, more diffuse background.

Be careful to avoid underexposure in fog images. In post-processing, you will want to create a lighter feeling for more vitality in your shots. This will help prevent your images from having a dull, overcast look. You can enhance your fog images and create a more painterly feeling by using negative clarity in Lightroom, or the “Orton Effect” in Photoshop. Be very subtle when taking this approach, it can be easy to over-do it and create an unnatural look. I usually apply Orton at very low opacity, and only to the highlights of an image.

Capturing the Essence of the Spring

To me, the essence of spring is that it is a time of change and growth. My most successful spring images are those that communicate my feelings about witnessing the transformation that takes place as the season comes to life. The spring landscape visibly changes on an almost daily basis, providing a wealth of photographic opportunities. A tremendous source of inspiration for my photography is the transition of trees from bare branches to colorful buds and flowers, and finally to those wonderful lime green leaves. In New England where I live, the hardwood forests contain a variety of trees including sugar maple, birch, beech, and oak. In spring these species create a wonderful mosaic of red, orange, yellow, and green. Sometimes it is hard to believe that these warm colors are from spring and not autumn.

The changes that spring brings to the landscape make for some of the most compelling nature stories that any season has to offer. To successfully tell these stories in your images, you need to look beyond the obvious subjects and compositions. Find inspiration for your images by slowing down to immerse yourself in the rich details and colors of the season. Seek out the intricate patterns of tree branches adorned by colorful buds and flowers, or the varied tones of pale green leaves. Grab a telephoto lens to extract a colorful tapestry of trees from a hillside. Use trees decked out in fresh, lime green leaves to frame a towering waterfall.

Focusing on intimate views of nature can help you to avoid the tripod holes and create more unique looking images. The ability to slow down, observe details, and connect with nature becomes a critical part of creating more meaningful images. Perhaps during no other time of year are the nature stories more exciting and vibrant than in spring, that marvelous season of emergence and growth. Tell these stories through your photography, and your images will capture the essence of spring. Open your mind to the creative possibilities that spring has to offer, and you will be richly rewarded.


Thanks for the great reminder of the subtle spring palette and for the wonderful images to go along with it. Good words to remember as the seasons change.

Ed, thanks for contributing with this very helpful and wonderfully written article. After the long winter in the Midwest this reminder is really fueling my spring fever! Well done!!

@Kathy_Barnhart @Alan_Kreyger thank you for your kind comments, I’m glad that you found the article worthwhile reading.

Seeing all these wonderful spring images already being posted at NPN from places like California (such as Kathy’s “Green Hills After Rain”) is making me jealous. Unfortunately folks like me and Alan still have another month of grays and browns to go before we can get into the game.

Thanks for posting this. I don’t shoot a ton in the spring so this was a good reminder of what to look for. I also appreciate the advice on color balance and using the HSL sliders! =)

Thank you Matt, I am glad that you enjoyed reading the article. Spring is definitely underappreciated by many photographers, which is a great reason to get out there and take it on as a project.

There is a good discussion about processing spring color and separating yellow/green with HSL sliders in a recent landscape critique post by @George_Kalantzes, based on his wonderful image, “Illuminated Morning” an image of spring cottonwood trees.

Thanks for posting this excellent article, Ed. All the images are beautiful, but that first one truly sublime. I have very few early spring images and I always tell myself that this is the year I am going to rectify that. It is only a four hour drive to Shenandoah for me so hopefully I can add some spring images in a few weeks.

Great article @Ed_McGuirk! I have so often been drawn toward early spring, having a great love of “transitions”, but your thoughtful article helps articulate why I love it so! Great timing as well. Thanks again.

I just have to thank you for this great article, Ed. I can go making images with all of this in mind. And using tk actions and selective color adjustments in a better way.

@Ed_McGuirk, great article. I have read it once in a hurry when you posted it. I was impressed. A lot of images you have presented here are very much in tune to my vision. I just read it again with more time in hand and I am really inspired. I am generally not a big fan of Spring but your article has inspired me to look again.

Thank you very much for sharing.

@Ed_Lowe @Jim_McGovern @Ben_van_der_Sande @Adhika_Lie thank you all very much for your nice comments on the article, I do appreciate you taking the time to share your thoughts.

@Ed_Lowe “All the images are beautiful, but that first one is truly sublime. It is only a four hour drive to Shenandoah for me so hopefully I can add some spring images in a few weeks.”

I know sharing location information is a controversial topic sometimes, but I am going to spill the beans on this one. The first image is one of my personal favorites, and was taken in the suburbs of Boston, MA, about 3 miles from my house. So with intimate scenes like this you don’t always have to go to national parks, sometimes inspiration can be found close to home as well.

@Jim_McGovern “transitions” can be a very powerful theme to use in your photography. And I agree with you, early spring just has so much vitality that it is one of my favorite “transitions”.

@Adhika_Lie “I am generally not a big fan of Spring but your article has inspired me to look again.” I’m glad the article has gotten you thinking about spring. Now get out there and put this inspiration to work, I look forward to hopefully seeing you post some spring images at NPN down the road.

Thank you for this article, Ed. The advice is solid and the photos are wonderful. Fresh leaves and buds create all sorts of opportunities for nature photography and I love that you are encouraging photographers to give trees as much focus this time of year as we do in the fall. Now I want to make a spring trip to the east coast to capture the magic you have shared here for myself.

Thank you Sarah, I’m glad that you enjoyed the article. Many of the photography articles about spring that you see are primarily about flowers and waterfalls. But the colors of spring trees have always fascinated me. About 5 years I decided to take on a project to more extensively photograph spring trees, which culminated in this article. Only at a place like NPN would an article about the understated beauty of spring trees be fully appreciated.